Full Paper View

Eco-Physiological Study of Marshy and Sandy Habitats of Kachchh

Suhas J. Vyas1 , Dipika Kara2 , Savan Tank3

1 Department of Life Sciences, Bhakta Kavi Narsinh Mehta University, Junagadh, India.
2 Department of Earth and Environmental Science, KSKV Kachchh University, Bhuj, India.
3 Department of Earth and Environmental Science, KSKV Kachchh University, Bhuj, India.

Correspondence should be addressed to: vsuhas.13@gmail.com.

Section:Research Paper, Product Type: Isroset-Journal
Vol.4 , Issue.6 , pp.1-7, Dec-2017

CrossRef-DOI:   https://doi.org/10.26438/ijsrbs/v4i6.17

Online published on Dec 31, 2017

Copyright © Suhas J. Vyas, Dipika Kara , Savan Tank . This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

View this paper at   Google Scholar | DPI Digital Library

XML View     PDF Download

Citation :
IEEE Style Citation: Suhas J. Vyas, Dipika Kara , Savan Tank, “Eco-Physiological Study of Marshy and Sandy Habitats of Kachchh”, International Journal of Scientific Research in Biological Sciences, Vol.4, Issue.6, pp.1-7, 2017.

MLA Style Citation: Suhas J. Vyas, Dipika Kara , Savan Tank "Eco-Physiological Study of Marshy and Sandy Habitats of Kachchh." International Journal of Scientific Research in Biological Sciences 4.6 (2017): 1-7.

APA Style Citation: Suhas J. Vyas, Dipika Kara , Savan Tank, (2017). Eco-Physiological Study of Marshy and Sandy Habitats of Kachchh. International Journal of Scientific Research in Biological Sciences, 4(6), 1-7.

85 Views    35 Downloads    14 Downloads

Abstract :
The Kachchh coast is an ecologically sensitive zone as it supports vast areas of Mangroves, Corals, mudflats and the various components of the ecology are interlinked into a fragile ecosystem. The mangroves help the ecosystem by contributing to the oxygen Budget and in Soil Conservation. Mangroves and Corals are the nursing grounds for a variety economically important fishes, exotic coral fishes and innumerable flora and fauna. Conservation plan for patchy corals of the Gulf of Kachchh is reported. Present a detailed discussion on mangroves of the Gulf, marine floral and faunal wealth and the environmental problems like exploitation of mangrove vegetation, salt pans etc. Case studies on feasibility and conceptual plan for oceanarium, dolphinarium, marine land complex are discussed for conservation of marine life. Study aspect on the restoration of mangrove forest in detail. Ecology and biodiversity of Indian mangroves have been reviewed. Coastal and marine environment of Gulf of Kachchh has been chosen for development of model coastal management plans. Proposed establishment of refineries along the southern shore of the Gulf of Kachchh and eventual increase in the movement of crude oil and petroleum products high lights the urgent need of an adequately evolved environment management plan to minimum adverse impacts on the rich and diverse bio-productive regime of the Gulf. The various physico-chemical parameters were analyzed and study of marshy and sandy habitat in Kachchh region Texture found Sand>Silt>Clay in all samples. parameter of soil like pH 7.5, Sodium 190 mg/l, Calcium 0.23375 mg/l, Magnesium 0.40075 mg/l. Total Hardness 0.635mg/l, Chloride 3.552 mg/l, Potassium 106 mg/l.

Key-Words / Index Term :
Chemical parameter, coastal zone, ecologically sensitive zone, marshy area, physical parameter

References :
[1] Altay, volkan and Ozturk, munir. Land degradation and halophytic plant diversity of milleyha wetland ecosystem (samandag-hatay), Turkey. Pak. J. Bot., Vol. 44: pp. 37-50.(2012)
[2] Banerjee, L. K., Rao, T. A., Sastry, A. R. K. and Ghosh, D., Diversity of coastal plant communities in India, ENVIS – EMCB – Botanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Kolkata. India pp. 36 (2002)
[3] Beeftink, W. G. The coastal salt marshes of western and northern Europe: an ecological and phytosociological approach. In: Wet coastal Ecosystems. (Chapman, V. J. edt.) Amsterdam, Elsevier, London, pp. 109-155. (1976)
[4] Beeftink, W. G. Salt marshes. In: The coastline. (Barnes, R. S. K. edt.) John Wiley and Sons, London, pp. 93-121. (1977)
[5] Bhosale L. J. Effect of water pollution in the areas near sea of estuarine ecosystem. Final report submitted to Department of Ocean Development, New Delhi. India pp.146 (1990)
[6] Brink, K. H. The coastal ocean progresses effort. Oceanus, 36, pp. 47-49. (1993)
[7] Brooks, Robert, T. et al. The impact of urbanization on water and sediment chemistry of ephemeral forest pools. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, Vol.17 pp. 485-488 (2002)
[8] Chakraborty, S. K. Mangrove Ecosystem of Sundarbans, India: Biodiversity of Halophytes along Gujarat coast Part- I. Mangroves: Ecology, Biology and Taxonomy. James N. Metras (Edt) (Publ. by NOVA publisher, USA). pp.83-112. (2011)
[9] Chapman, V. J. Salt marshes and salt deserts of the world. Leonard hill, London. Vol. 132 pp. 614 (1960)
[10] Dawes, C. J. Marine Botany. John Wiley and Sons, New York. Pp. 468-490. (1981)
[11] Goldberg, E. D. Competitors for coastal ocean space. Oceanus. Vol.36 (1), pp. 12-18. (1993)
[12] Heisler, N. Acid-base regulation, metabolism and energetics in sipunculus nudus as a function of ambient carbon dioxide level. J. Exp. Biol. Vol. 201(Pt 1), pp. 43–55. (1998)
[13] Jagtap, T. G. Distribution of sea-grasses along the Indian coast Aquatic Botany, Vol. 40, pp. 379-386.(1991)
[14] Jefferies, R. L. and Davy, A. J. Ecological processes in Coastal Environments. Black well, Oxford. Vol.25, Issue 5, (1979)
[15] Jenkins, M. Prospects for biodiversity. Science, Vol. 302, 1175-1177. (2003)
[16] Joshi, A. J., Sagar Kumar, A. and Hinglajia, H. Effects of seawater on germination, growth, accumulation of organic compounds and inorganic ions in halophytic grass Heleochloa setulosa (Trin.) Blatt et McCann. Indian J. Plant Physiol., Vol. 7, pp. 26-30. (2002)
[17] Kannan, L. and Srinivasan, R. Marine Biodiversity, CAS in Marine Biology report, Annamalai Univ., Chidambaram, India. Pp. 146 (2000)
[18] Kavgaci, A. Sand-dune vegetation of Iğ neada coast in the Thracian part of Turkey. Hacquetia, Vol. 6 (2): pp. 171-182. (2007)
[19] Khot, S. S. Ecophysicological studies on some halophytes occurring in and around Marine National Park of India. Ph.D. Thesis Bhavnagar Univ., Bhavnagar. India pp. 123 (2003)
[20] Kirtikar, K. R. and Basu, B. D. Indian Medicinal Plants. Lalit Mohan Basu Publishers, Allahabad, India. pp. 1935-1944 (1991)
[21] Kothmire S.Y. and Bhosale L. J. Some aspects of chemical composition ofmangrove leaves and sediments. Mahasagar, Bull, Nat. Inst. Oceanogn Vol. 12(3): pp. 149-154. (1979)
[22] Krishnamurthy V. and Untwale A. G. (Ed.) Marine Plants. Seaweed research and utilization association madras: pp. 1-16 1985
[23] Kumar Rajukumar, Studies on physico-chemical characteristics and microbialdiversity of top-soil collected from proposed coal mining area of latehar district, Jharkhand. Department of Biotechnology and Medical Engineering National Institute of Technology Rourkela. Orissa, India. Pp. 1-83 (2013)
[24] Long, S. P. and Mason, C. F. Salt marsh ecology. Blackie and Son Ltd., Glasgow. Pp. 481-483 (1983)
[25] M. Gadhia, R. Surana and E. Ansari Seasonal Variations in Physico-chemical characteristics of Tapi Estuary in Hazira Industrial Area, Our Nature Vol.10 pp. 249-257. (2012)
[26] Mall L. P., Singh V. P., Garge A. and Pathak , S. N. Mangroves forest of Andamans and some aspects of its ecology. In L. J. Bhosale (ed) The Mangroves Proc. Nat. Symp. Biol. Uti. Cons. Mangroves, Nov. 1885. Shivaji University, Kolhapur, (India) pp. 25-38.(1986)

[27] MD. Muhibbullah et. Al Some Physico-Chemical Parameter of soil and water of Sundarban Mangrove forest, Bangladesh. Journal of Biological Sciences Vol.5 (3): pp.354-357, (2005)
[28] Misra, M. Studies on salt tolerance of Sporobolus madraspatanus Bor., a forage halophytic grass. Ph.D. Thesis, Bhavnagar Univ., Bhavnagar. India pp. 151 (1989)
[29] Mitsch, W. J. and Gosselink, J. G. Wetlands. John Wiley and Sons, New York. pp. 126 (2000)

[30] Bandyopadhya A.K. Soil and water characteristics of the mangrove forest of Sundarban (India), The Indian forester. India pp. 58-65 (1986)
[31] Nybakken, J. W. Estuaries and salt marshes.In: Marine Biology- an ecological approach. (Nybakken, J. W. edt.) An imprint of addison Wesely Longman inc. Sanfrancisco Boston, NewYork. pp. 457-462 (2001)
[32] Ozturk, M., I. Alyanak, S.Sakcali and A. Guvensen. Multipurpose Plant Systems for renovation of Waste Waters. The Arabian Journal for Science & Engineering, 30/2C, pp:17-28. 2005
[33] Parmesan, C. Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. S. Vol.37, pp. 637–669. (2006)
[34] Pawar, U. S. Biodiversity of halophytes along Gujarat coast part-I. Ph. D. Thesis, Bhavnagar Uni. Bhavnagar. India pp. 125 (2012)
[35] Prabhahar et al. Soil irrigation effect of sugar mill effluent on changes of growth and biochemical contents of Raph anus sativus L. Current Botany, Vol. 2(7): pp. 09-13 (2011)
[36] Joel W. Hedgpeth , "The Shore Environment. Volume 1: Methods. J. H. Price , D. E. G. Irvine , W. F. Farnham The Shore Environment. Volume 2: Ecosystems. The systematics association special volume number 17 (a) and Number 17 (b). J. H. Price, D. E. G. Irvine, W. F. Farnham," The Quarterly Review of Biology 57, Vol. 1 pp. 77-78. 1982
[37] Rahman, A. and Ibrahim, M. Effect of cement dust deposition on physiological behaviors of some halophytes in the salt marshes of Red Sea. Egypt. Acad. J. biology Sci., Vol.3 (1): pp.1- 11. (2012)
[38] Ramachandran, S. Coastal environment and management, Institute for ocean management, Anna Univ., Chennai.Vol. 25, pp. 176-194 (2001)
[39] Ranwell, D. S. Mineral nutrient relations. In: Ecology of salt marshes and sand dunes. (Ranwell, D. S. edt.) Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 40-54. (1972)
[40] Rao, T. A. and Shanware, R. G. Ecological studies of Saurashtra coast and neighbouring islands. VI. An approach to a classification of the Saurashtra coastland – A resume. Bull. Bot. Surv. India, Vol. 9, pp. 240- 248. (1967)
[41] Rao, T. A., Aggarwal, K. R. and Mukherjee, A. K. Ecological studies of Saurashtra coast and neighbouring islands. IV. Piram island. Bull. Bot. Surv. India, Vol.8, pp.60-67. (1966)
[42] Rejith Kumar, K. S. Ecophysiology of salt tolerance in some plants growing on Gujarat coast. Ph.D Thesis, Bhavnagar University Bhavnagar. India pp. 132 (1998)
[43] Rita Chauhan and Ramanathan, A.L. Evaluation of water quality of Bhitarkanika mangrove ecosystem, Orissa, east coast of India. Indian Journal of marine sciences, Vol. 37(2): pp. 153-158.(2008)
[44] Rustaiee et al., A.R. Rustaiee, J. Khorshidi, M. Fakhr Tabatabaei, R. Omidbaigi, F. SefidkonEssential oil composition of Thymus daenensis Celak during its phenological cycle J. Essent. Oil Bear. Plants, Vol. 13 (5) (2010)
[45] Sefidkon and Rahimi bidgoli, F. Sefidkon, A. Rahimi bidgoliStudy of quality/quantity variation of oil in the Thymus kotschyanus in the period of plant growth and deferent methods of distillation Med. Arom. Plant. Res., Vol. 15, pp. 1-22 (2001)
[46] Shukla, K. H. Eco-physiological studies on salt tolerance in some halophytes. Ph. D. Thesis, Bhavnagar Uni. Bhavnagar. India pp. 125 (2007)
[47] Swarnalatha, N. and Narsing Rao. Ecological studies of Banjara Lake with reference to water pollution. Journal of Environmental Biology, Vol. 19(2): pp. 179-186.(1998)
[48] Talekar, S. D. Biodiversity of coastal flora in Bhal region part-II. Ph. D. Thesis, Bhavnagar Univ., Bhavnagar. India pp. 128 (2009)
[49] Tansley, A. G., the British islands and their vegetation, Cambridge University Press. UK. Vol.2 (1949)
[50] Vyas, S. J. and A. J. Joshi. Mineral composition in some halophytic species of ‘Bhal’ region in Gujarat. Research Journal of Biology. Vol.2. pg. 99-103 (2014)
[51] M. Shiju et.al Water assessment of Kavvayi lake of northern kerala, India. Using CCMA water quality index and biological water quality criteria., Journal of Environmental biology, Vol. 37, pp. 1265-1272, 2016
[52] Yim, M.W. and N.F.Y. Tam, Effects of wastewater-borne heavy metals on mangrove plants and soil microbial activities. Marine Pollut. Bull. Vol. 39: pp. 179-186.(1999)
[53] Zafar, M., et al. Physico- chemical factors and texture of soil in solar salt farms of the Bazar coast. J. Noami, Vol. 18: pp. 27-35. (2001)
[54] Zahoor, I., Ahmad, M. Hameed, M., Nawaz, T. and Tarteel, A. Comparative salinity tolerance of Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl and Schoenoplectus Juncoides (Roxb.) Palla, the candidate sedges for rehabilitation of saline wetlands. Pak. J. Bot., Vol. 44 (SI1): pp. 1-6. (2012)
[55] Namrata Yadav, “Physico-chemical Soil Quality Indicators as Influenced by Different Soil Management Practices in Central India”, International Journal of Scientific Research in Biological Sciences, Vol.2, Issue.2, pp.9-15, 2015.

Authorization Required


You do not have rights to view the full text article.
Please contact administration for subscription to Journal or individual article.
Mail us at  editor@isroset.org or view contact page for more details.

Impact Factor

Journals Contents

Author & Reviewer


Digital Certificate

Go to Navigation